Surgery usually involves tissue being removed under anaesthetic. Tumours are one of the most common type of cancers, and surgery is often required to remove them.
- For some people with bone or organ cancer, it may be necessary to remove tissue around the cancer as well, to make sure it’s properly removed.
- Sometimes (unfortunately), a whole organ will need to be removed, or a body part amputated.
Surgery is also used for other things:
- In the form of a biopsy, surgery can help to give an accurate cancer diagnosis.
- Some cancer patients may need surgery to insert a central line before they start chemotherapy.
- It can be used to restore a part of the body, such as creating a new bladder.
- It can restore appearance, such as breast reconstruction after a mastectomy.
Generally, surgery is combined with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy treatment.